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Legislation

Title: EU-Moldova common aviation area agreement
Sectors of Transport: Transport, External relations, Transport, Air transport, Sectoral agreements, Agreements — Transport
Weblinks: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/AUTO/?uri=CELEX:32020D0951 , https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/AUTO/?uri=CELEX:42012D0639 , https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/AUTO/?uri=CELEX:22012A1020(01)
EU-Moldova common aviation area agreement

EU-Moldova common aviation area agreement

 

SUMMARY OF:

Common aviation area agreement between the EU and its Member States and Moldova

Decision 2012/639/EU on the signing, on behalf of the EU, and provisional application of the common aviation area agreement between the EU and its Member States and Moldova

Decision (EU) 2020/951 on the conclusion, on behalf of the EU, of the common aviation area agreement between the EU and its Member States and Moldova

WHAT IS THE AIM OF THE AGREEMENT AND THE DECISIONS?

  • The agreement opens the market for direct flights for all European Union (EU) and Moldovan airlines between the EU and Moldova. It also provides a regulatory framework and sets out standards for a wide range of aviation issues with which Moldovan law will be gradually aligned, such as aviation safety, security, passenger rights, air traffic management, economic regulation, competition issues and social aspects.
  • Decision 2012/639/EU authorised the signing and provisional application of the agreement.
  • Decision (EU) 2020/951 concluded the agreement on behalf of the EU.

KEY POINTS

The agreement covers 3 main areas of cooperation.

  • 1.

    Economic rules

    The agreement sets out rules on a number of aspects of economic cooperation between the EU and Moldova, including:

    • traffic rights — including the unlimited right to fly between the EU and Moldova or over the other party’s territory or to make a stop in the other party’s territory for non-traffic purposes;
    • authorisations — for air carriers of each party to operate in the territory of the other;
    • rules to ensure fair competition and facilitate business activities;
    • rules on user charges for airport and aviation facilities and services.
  • 2.

    Regulatory cooperation (aviation safety, security and air traffic management)

    Both parties must:

    • conform with certain EU safety legislation, as listed in the annex to the agreement;
    • recognise each other’s safety certificates;
    • cooperate on security and work towards mutual recognition of one another’s security standards;
    • cooperate in air traffic management with a view to extending the single European sky to Moldova, and conform with the EU’s legislation on air traffic management, as listed in the annex to the agreement.
  • 3.

    Institutional rules (administration and enforcement)

    • Each party is responsible for enforcing the rules of the agreement on its territory.
    • A joint committee comprising representatives of both parties, and meeting at least yearly, is responsible for administering the agreement and ensuring its proper implementation.
    • The agreement includes a dispute resolution mechanism and foresees the possibility for either party to take safeguard measures in case of non-fulfilment of its obligations by the other party.

DATE OF ENTRY INTO FORCE

The agreement entered into force on 2 August 2020.

BACKGROUND

This is one of a number of bilateral agreements strengthening air relations between the EU and its eastern neighbour countries in the context of the European Commission communication on developing the agenda for the EU’s external aviation policy.

See also:

MAIN DOCUMENTS

Common Aviation Area Agreement between the European Union and its Member States and the Republic of Moldova (OJ L 292, 20.10.2012, pp. 3-37)

Decision 2012/639/EU of the Council and of the Representatives of the Governments of the Member States, meeting within the Council of 7 June 2012, on the signing, on behalf of the Union, and provisional application of the Common Aviation Area Agreement between the European Union and its Member States and the Republic of Moldova (OJ L 292, 20.10.2012, pp. 1-2)

Council Decision (EU) 2020/951 of 26 June 2020 on the conclusion, on behalf of the Union, of the Common Aviation Area Agreement between the European Union and its Member States and the Republic of Moldova (OJ L 212, 3.7.2020, pp. 8-9)

RELATED DOCUMENTS

Protocol amending the Common Aviation Area Agreement between the European Union and its Member States and the Republic of Moldova, to take account of the accession to the European Union of the Republic of Croatia (OJ L 215, 14.8.2015, pp. 3-5)

Council Decision (EU) 2015/1389 of 7 May 2015 on the signing, on behalf of the Union and its Member States, and provisional application of a Protocol amending the Common Aviation Area Agreement between the European Union and its Member States and the Republic of Moldova, to take account of the accession to the European Union of the Republic of Croatia (OJ L 215, 14.8.2015, pp. 1-2)

Council Decision (EU) 2020/947 of 26 June 2020 on the conclusion, on behalf of the Union and its Member States, of a Protocol amending the Common Aviation Area Agreement between the European Union and its Member States and the Republic of Moldova, to take account of the accession to the European Union of the Republic of Croatia (OJ L 212, 3.7.2020, pp. 1-2)

Information concerning the entry into force of the Common Aviation Area Agreement between the European Union and its Member States and the Republic of Moldova (OJ L 277, 26.8.2020, p. 1)

Information concerning the entry into force of the Protocol amending the Common Aviation Area Agreement between the European Union and its Member States and the Republic of Moldova, to take account of the accession to the European Union of the Republic of Croatia (OJ L 274, 21.8.2020, p. 1)

last update 26.10.2020

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