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The general objective of CEF 2.0 is to build, develop, modernise and complete the trans-European networks in the transport, energy and digital sectors and facilitate international cooperation in the field of renewable energy, specifically contributing to the following 3 areas.
Adapting parts of the TEN-T infrastructure to improve both civilian and military mobility (subject to specific eligibility rules).
Facilitating cross-border energy cooperation, including renewable energy.
Development of projects of common interests relating to further integration of an internal energy market, interoperability of networks across borders and sectors, facilitating decarbonisation of the economy, promoting energy efficiency and ensuring security of supply.
Deployment of and access to safe and secure very high-capacity networks, including 5G systems providing Gigabit connectivity in areas where socioeconomic drivers are located.
Uninterrupted 5G coverage of major transport paths, including the TEN-T.
Increased resilience and capacity of EU digital backbone networks by linking to neighbouring territories.
Digitalisation of transport and energy networks.
Budget (at 2021 prices)
Transport: €25.81 billion (including €11.29 billion transferred from the Cohesion Fund).
Energy: €5.84 billion.
Digital: €2.07 billion.
The CEF provides funding in the form of grants and procurement.
Proposals are submitted by one or more EU Member States or, with the agreement of the Member States concerned, by international organisations, joint undertakings, or by public or private undertakings or bodies, including regional or local authorities.
Non-EU country eligibility
The following non-EU countries can participate in the CEF, under certain conditions:
For most transport projects, EU financial support does not exceed 30% of the total eligible cost, increased up to 50% for studies, for the more prioritised actions and the civilian-defence dual-use actions, and up to 85% for projects where funds are transferred from the Cohesion Fund.
For energy projects, the EU financial support does not exceed 50% of the total eligible cost, increased up to 75% for projects providing a high degree of regional or EU-wide security of supply, strengthening EU solidarity or offering highly innovative solutions.
For digital projects, the EU financial support does not exceed 30% of the total eligible cost, increased up to 50% for actions with strong cross-border dimension and up to 75% for Gigabit connectivity for socioeconomic drivers.
In each of the transport, energy and digital sectors, as regards works undertaken in the outermost regions, a specific maximum co-funding rate of 70% shall apply.
To support synergies between the transport, energy and digital sectors, actions to achieve objectives in at least 2 of these sectors can receive a higher co-funding rate in compliance with a work programme addressing at least 2 of these sectors.
Regulation (EU) 2021/1153 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 July 2021 establishing the Connecting Europe Facility and repealing Regulations (EU) No 1316/2013 and (EU) No 283/2014 (OJ L 249, 14.7.2021, pp. 38-81)
Regulation (EU) 2021/1060 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 June 2021 laying down common provisions on the European Regional Development Fund, the European Social Fund Plus, the Cohesion Fund, the Just Transition Fund and the European Maritime, Fisheries and Aquaculture Fund and financial rules for those and for the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund, the Internal Security Fund and the Instrument for Financial Support for Border Management and Visa Policy (OJ L 231, 30.6.2021, pp. 159-706)
Regulation (EU) 2021/694 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2021 establishing the Digital Europe Programme and repealing Decision (EU) 2015/2240 (OJ L 166, 11.5.2021, pp. 1-34)
Directive (EU) 2018/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2018 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources (OJ L 328, 21.12.2018, pp. 82-209)
Successive amendments to Directive (EU) 2018/2001 have been incorporated into the original text. This consolidated version is of documentary value only.
Regulation (EU) 2018/1999 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2018 on the Governance of the Energy Union and Climate Action, amending Regulations (EC) No 663/2009 and (EC) No 715/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council, Directives 94/22/EC, 98/70/EC, 2009/31/EC, 2009/73/EC, 2010/31/EU, 2012/27/EU and 2013/30/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council, Council Directives 2009/119/EC and (EU) 2015/652 and repealing Regulation (EU) No 525/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 328, 21.12.2018, pp. 1-77)
Joint communication to the European Parliament and the Council — Improving military mobility in the European Union (JOIN(2017) 41 final, 10.11.2017)
Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions — Europe on the move: An agenda for a socially fair transition towards clean, competitive and connected mobility for all (COM(2017) 283 final, 31.5.2017)
Regulation (EU) No 1315/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2013 on Union guidelines for the development of the trans-European transport network and repealing Decision No 661/2010/EU (OJ L 348, 20.12.2013, pp. 1-128)
Regulation (EU) No 347/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 April 2013 on guidelines for trans-European energy infrastructure and repealing Decision No 1364/2006/EC and amending Regulations (EC) No 713/2009, (EC) No 714/2009 and (EC) No 715/2009 (OJ L 115, 25.4.2013, pp. 39-75)