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Legislation

Title: CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of heavy-duty vehicles
Sectors of Transport: Transport, Internal market, Environment and climate change, Clean & urban transport and sustainable transport, Industry & pollution, Single market for goods, Pollution from vehicles, Motor vehicles
Weblinks: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/AUTO/?uri=CELEX:32017R2400 , https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/AUTO/?uri=CELEX:02017R2400-20200901
CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of heavy-duty vehicles

CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of heavy-duty vehicles

 

SUMMARY OF:

Regulation (EU) 2017/2400 implementing Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 — determination of the CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of heavy-duty vehicles

WHAT IS THE AIM OF THE REGULATION?

  • It establishes a common method to objectively compare accurate details of CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of new heavy-duty vehicles (lorries, buses and coaches) on sale in the EU.
  • It does so by setting out the responsibilities of motor vehicle manufacturers and national authorities. They must certify the CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of vehicle components such as the engine, gearbox, axles and tyres, which are used as input data to a simulation tool* to determine the CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of the vehicle.
  • The information is designed to encourage the development of more energy-efficient vehicles.
  • It implements Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 on type-approval with regard to emissions from heavy-duty vehicles (Euro VI).

KEY POINTS

The regulation:

  • applies to lorries with a maximum weight of more than 7.5 tonnes;
  • does not apply to buses, off-road or special purpose vehicles.

The European Commission provides for free, and updates, a downloadable software programme for the simulation tool to determine the CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of heavy-duty vehicles.

Vehicle manufacturers must:

  • apply for a licence to operate the simulation tool;
  • inform the national authority issuing the licence of any changes they make to the processes for determining the CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of the vehicle;
  • use the most up-to-date version of the simulation tool (at the latest within 3 months of its availability) to determine the CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of every new vehicle sold, registered or put into service in the EU;
  • ensure the results of the simulation tool respect the processes laid down and include these in the vehicle’s customer information file;
  • store records of the results of the simulation tool for at least 20 years after the vehicle is produced and make these available to national authorities or the Commission within 15 days of a request.

Annexes set out the technical procedures for determining the CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of components to be input into the simulation tool.

National authorities:

  • certify the CO2 emissions and fuel consumption values of components submitted by the component manufacturer if they are satisfied all the requirements have been complied with;
  • grant a licence to the vehicle manufacturer to operate the simulation tool;
  • assess 4 times a year whether the manufacturer’s processes for determining the CO2 emissions and fuel consumption continue to respect the legislation;
  • instruct manufacturers to correct within 30 days any defects in their processes for determining the CO2 emissions and fuel consumption.

FROM WHEN DOES THE REGULATION APPLY?

Overall, it has applied since 18 January 2018. The CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of new heavy-duty vehicles must be determined since 1 January 2019.

BACKGROUND

  • Emissions from lorries and buses, the most common types of heavy-duty vehicles, account for 25% of road transport CO2 emissions. They are expected to increase even further.
  • Effective measures are needed to reach the EU target of a 60% cut in CO2 transport emissions by 2050.
  • Previously, no common EU-wide method existed to determine the vehicles’ CO2 emissions and fuel consumption, making objective comparisons of their performance impossible and preventing efforts to introduce national or EU measures to encourage more energy-efficient vehicles.
  • For more information, see:

KEY TERMS

Simulation tool: an electronic tool for the calculation of CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of new heavy-duty vehicles, based on certified input data for the CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of their components.

MAIN DOCUMENT

Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/2400 of 12 December 2017 implementing Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the determination of the CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of heavy-duty vehicles and amending Directive 2007/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council and Commission Regulation (EU) No 582/2011 (OJ L 349, 29.12.2017, pp. 1-247)

Successive amendments to Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/2400 have been incorporated into the original document. This consolidated version is of documentary value only.

RELATED DOCUMENTS

Commission Regulation (EU) 2019/318 of 19 February 2019 amending Regulation (EU) 2017/2400 and Directive 2007/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the determination of the CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of heavy-duty vehicles (OJ L 58, 26.2.2019, pp. 1-56)

Regulation (EU) 2018/858 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May 2018 on the approval and market surveillance of motor vehicles and their trailers, and of systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles, amending Regulations (EC) No 715/2007 and (EC) No 595/2009 and repealing Directive 2007/46/EC (OJ L 151, 14.6.2018, pp. 1-218)

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 June 2009 on type-approval of motor vehicles and engines with respect to emissions from heavy duty vehicles (Euro VI) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information and amending Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 and Directive 2007/46/EC and repealing Directives 80/1269/EEC, 2005/55/EC and 2005/78/EC (OJ L 188, 18.7.2009, pp. 1-13)

See consolidated version.

Directive 2007/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 September 2007 establishing a framework for the approval of motor vehicles and their trailers, and of systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles (Framework Directive) (OJ L 263, 9.10.2007, pp. 1-160)

See consolidated version.

last update 03.07.2019

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